Home » Letter,Theory

Typographic anatomy

Created by: Natalia Fernández
  Artículo en proceso de traducción


apophyge: small curved part, usually ¼ circle, which connects the main stem with the terminals or serifs. arm: horizontal stroke that is free at one end. bowl: it refers to the loops that lean on the baseline. cross: horizontal stroke in the letters «T», «t» and «f». crossbar: horizontal stroke in the letters «e», «f», «t», «A», «H» and «T». ear: small stroke that comes out of the head of the closed tail lower case «g». elbow: 90º joint formed between the straight strokes of the «G». encounter: Abrupt joint of two strokes that intersect at a point. eye: embossing of the type that stick out of the shoulder, which, impregnated with ink, produces the imprint. flourish: stroke. foot: see leg. head: it refers to the upper part of the sign. hook: curved and closed stroke. teardrop: End usually found in the curved strokes in the head of some lower case, for instance the «a», la «f» and the «c». interior counterform: space which is totally or partially enclosed inside a letter. joint: gradual coming together of two strokes that meet to become one. leg: diagonal stroke that serves as support for some letters. loop: curved stroke that encloses a counterform. nail: small stroke, in the shape of a nail, which appears in some «G» letters. neck: stroke that links the head with the tail in the «g». shoulder: part of the kind that is below the eye and which leaves no impression. stem: main stroke of the letter. // descender: has a calligraphic origin, it refers to the direction in which the stroke was made. Usually, descenders are thin and ascending ones are thick. ascender: see above. stroke: is each one of the strokes that conforms the letter. tail: descending stroke that makes «Q» different from «O». It also applies to the descending stroke in «g». terminal: supplementary element of the stem in those letters that have it. Also called serif. vertex: straight and sharp joint of two strokes.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

This entry is also available in: Spanish